Norfolk Pilea

Pilea involucrata¬†‚ÄėNorfolk‚Äô

Almanac Planting Co: Norfolk Pilea (Pilea involucrata ‚ÄėNorfolk‚Äô). A bunch of deeply veined leaves with shades of red, green, and charcoal.


Uses: Houseplant, patio plant, or outdoor plant (in approved tropical zones)

Benefits: Eye-catching, unique foliage with deep, spine-like veins. Easy to care for! 

USDA Hardiness Zones: 10 - 12 suggested (grown as a houseplant and patio plant in colder zones)

Sun: Bright indirect to partial shade. Avoid full sun. Suggest a minimum 4 hours of bright indirect sun daily.  

Life Cycle: Perennial

Mature Height: 10"

Mature Width: 12"

Bloom Season: Rarely blooms


Norfolk Pilea‚ÄĒcommonly referred to as "The Friendship Plant"‚ÄĒis¬†a wonderful¬†indoor plant¬†due to its smaller size, beautiful foliage, and its¬†ease of care.

The Norfolk Pilea is a sight to behold! Its lush, vibrant foliage will bring life and vibrancy to any area. With its hardy nature, it will stay in beautiful condition no matter the season. Experience the beauty and joy of Norfolk Pilea in your home!

This low-maintenance Norfolk Pilea plant is perfect for any home or office. Its lush leaves boast visually attractive hues, a velvety texture, and do not need frequent pruning, allowing you to enjoy your foliage without any fuss. It is an easy-care plant that rewards you with year-round beauty.

Young foliage is often shades of reddish-pink before transitioning into varying shades of green. All foliage of 'Norfolk' is known for its striking metallic charcoal veining. 


How Much Water Does¬†ÔĽŅNorfolk Pilea Need?

We suggest watering an indoor¬†Norfolk Pilea every 3-5 days between spring and fall‚ÄĒattempting to keep the soil moist but not wet. The plant will not drink as much during periods of slow growth such as winter, during which it's suggested to shift the frequency of watering to a weekly to bi-weekly schedule, making sure to allow the upper 1/3 of soil in the pot to dry between watering.

Like many other plants, too much watering will result in the yellowing of stems and leaves, eventually followed by root rot should the wet conditions persist.

This plant is not extremely drought resistant and too little water will result in the browning of branches and the death of leaves. Eventually, if left without water, the entire plant will die.

What Humidity Does Norfolk Pilea Like?

Pilea involucrata¬†‚ÄėNorfolk‚Äô prefers moderate to high humidity (above 50% RH) and does well with daily misting. Humidifiers and pebble beds may be used to supplement humidity around the plant.¬†

How Much Sun Should Norfolk Pilea Get?

Avoid placing this plant in areas that receive extended periods of strong, direct sunlight.

The best lighting is provided by bright indirect light as direct light could cause leaf burn.

Pilea involucrata does great with lots of shade, but should ideally get a minimum of 4 hours of bright, indirect sun every day.

Too little light will result in gangly stems, poor growth, and possible death.

What is the Best Temperature for Norfolk Pilea?

Pilea involucrata¬†prefer warmer temperatures and will likely die in extended periods of 50¬įF¬†weather.

It's best to keep this plant in temperatures above 55¬įF¬†to ensure its beauty and the integrity of its growth; however the optimal temperature range of this houseplant is between 65¬įF¬†and 85¬įF.

As such, Norfolk Pilea thrives outdoors year round in USDA zones 10-12, and will likely not survive living outdoors over winter in USDA zone 9 or cooler.

What is the Best Soil for Norfolk Pilea?

Pilea involucrata prefers well draining, sandy, and rough soil mixes. If you're planting in a pot, we suggest using our potting soil or something similar. 

How to Fertilize a Norfolk Pilea

Pilea involucrata should be fertilized on a bi-weekly to monthly basis between early spring and late fall. Winter fertilizations may be required on a less frequent basis if the plant is in an environment where the temperature and the amount of light that it's exposed to don't promote fast growth.

We suggest using a balanced liquid fertilizer, fish emulsion, or our Slow Release Fertilizer. Make sure to be careful and not overfertilize. 

Trimming and Maintenance of Norfolk Pilea

It's suggested that you trim your Norfolk Pilea on an annual basis to keep it looking its best. Trimming is best done in the spring, and is accomplished with the use of a clean and sharp trimming scissors. Stems may be cut as close to 3" from the soil, although it's advised to only cut them to half of their length (assuming their length is over 6"). This method will result in a plant that is both bushy and healthy. We suggest lightly fertilizing after any extensive pruning. 

A bushy plant can be also be encouraged by trimming or pinching new growth from the tips of the stems, which will signal the plant to sprout lower growth. 

Like most other plants, it's advised that any dead or dying leaves and stems be removed from the plant to keep it as healthy and clean as possible. 

How to Repot a Norfolk Pilea

Pilea involucrata do not do well rootbound so it's suggested that you repot your plant if its roots begin to crowd its pot. These plants are known to have somewhat powerful roots that are likely to break pots if they're too small. You can repot your plant by placing the entire root ball into a larger pot then softly breaking up its root structure around the edges of its root ball prior to surrounding it with a lightly packed, medium porosity potting mix. It's advised to only slightly increase the pot size when repotting.

In situations of root bounding without the desire for a larger pot and/or plant, it's advised to remove your Norfolk Pilea from its pot and to trim away the side/lower roots and to replace their space with new potting soil. 

How to Propagate Norfolk Pilea

The propagation of Pilea involucrata is easily accomplished by placing a cutting in a glass of water or a pot of moist/wet soil, possibly with a slight amount of liquid fertilizer and/or rooting hormone (although neither are necessary). Change water as required to maintain its cleanliness.

It's best to provide propagation cuttings with ample light, but to keep them out of strong, direct sun.

You'll want the cutting to be of one leaf with approx. 1"-2" of stem. Roots should begin to emerge from the cutting after 2-3 weeks, at which point the plant should be placed in soil that is kept slightly moist until the plant becomes established.

Leaving the cutting in water/wet soil for too long after the establishment of roots will cause rotting and death.


How Large Do Norfolk Pilea Grow?

The size of Pilea involucrata at maturity is typically no larger than 10" high and 12" wide. Its leaves are usually 1"-3" in length.

What Size of Norfolk Pilea is for Sale Online?

The Pilea involucrata 'Norfolk' that we sell online will ship in a greenhouse grade grow pot. Each plant will be appropriately sized for its pot. Please contact us with any specific questions.

Additional Information

Common Names of Pilea involucrata

  • Norfolk Pilea

  • Friendship Plant

  • Panamiga

  • Red Leaf Pilea

Toxicity and Risks of Norfolk Pilea

Pilea involucrata is not considered toxic to people, dogs, or cats. 

Almanac Planting Co: Norfolk Pilea (Pilea involucrata ‚ÄėNorfolk‚Äô). A bunch of deeply veined leaves with shades of deep green, and gray.

*This plant is a part of our Archived Plant Collection. Although no longer for sale on our online store, we keep pages like this on our site for the informational benefit of others. Please contact us if you're interested in purchasing large quantities of this plant, as we may be able to specially source and deliver plants for you.